ICT (Professional English in Use)
Professional English in Use
Professional English in Use ICT is part of a new series of Professional English in Use titles from Cambridge University Press. These books offer vocabulary reference and practice for specialist areas of professional English. ICT stands for Information Communications Technology, and describes the technologies we use in our daily lives to communicate. It is designed for intermediate to advanced level learners who need to use the English of computing and the Internet for study and work.
The book contains 40 thematic units plus one introductory unit, the answer key to the exercises and an index, which lists all the words and phrases introduced in the book.
The topics go from computers today to computers tomorrow:
living with computers,
health and safety,
software and jobs in computing,
the Web and e-commerce,
word-formation process and collocations,
language functions in ICT English.
1. Unit 0 represents learning vocabulary: tips and techniques.
2. The Living with computers unit deals with the question if computers are friends or foes and describes things which we can do on the computer.
3. The Typical PC unit gives names of parts of a computer and describes briefly functions of a PC: input, processing, output and storage.
4. The Types of computer systems unit represents different systems from mainframes to wearable computers.
5. In the Input devices: type, click and talk unit you learn about pieces of hardware which allow us to enter information into the computer: keyboard, mouse, joystick, digital camera etc.
6. The Input devices: the eyes of your PC unit gives an explanation of scanners, digital cameras, digital video cameras and webcams.
7. The Output devices: printers unit represents different types of printers such as dot-matrix, ink-jet, multifunction, laser etc.
8. The Output devices: display screens reviews the types of monitors: Cathode Ray Tube and Liquid Crystal Display and describes their features such as screen size, resolution, brightness, colour depth and refresh rate.
9. The Processing unit goes into main features of a processor, deals with RAM (random access memory) and ROM (read only memory) and describes units of memory.
10. In the Disk and drives unit you learn about magnetic and optical storage as well as removable flash memory.
11. The Health and safety unit deals with health and safety problems that may result from continuous use of computers as well as health problems caused by electronic waste and reflects the risks of using mobiles and in-car computers.
12. The Operating systems and the GUI unit describes typical functions of the operating system and Graphical User Interface which makes use of a WIMP (Windows, Icons, Menus and Pointer).
13. The Word processing features unit represents features which are supported by word processors such as cut and paste, find and replace, word wrap etc.
14. The Spreadsheets and databases unit deals with spreadsheet program which helps to manage personal and business finances and describes database as a computerized record-keeping system.
15. The Graphics and design unit gives two categories of graphics: bitmapped and vector graphics and names different types of graphics software such as image manipulation programs, painting and drawing programs, business graphics programs, computer-aided design etc.
16. The Sound and music unit deals with audio files on the Web, digital audio players and other audio applications such as speech recognition software, speech synthesis technologies etc.
17. The Programming unit describes programming languages and steps in writing a program.
18. In the Computer and work unit ICT-related jobs are listed.
19. The ICT systems unit goes into components and functions as well as types of systems and types of devices and services.
20. The Networks unit presents LANs (Local Area Networks), network topology and WANs (Wide Area Networks).
21. The Faces of the Internet unit deals with Internet system, connection possibilities and components of the Internet.
22. The Email unit describes the email system and gives explanation of anatomy of an email, spasm, mailing lists and newsgroups.
23. The World Wide Web unit answers questions what the Web is, how to surf the Web and what you can do on the Web.
24. The Web design unit deals with problems of designing a website, describes basic elements and multimedia files on a web page.
25. In the Chatting and video conferencing unit you learn about IRC (internet relay chat) and web chat, IM (instant messaging), video conferencing systems and virtual worlds.
26. The Internet security unit reports about computer criminals, Internet-based crimes, malware (malicious software) and offers preventative tips.
27. The E-commerce unit represents components of e-commerce websites as shopping cart program, secure socket layer and payment gateway, shows an online shop website and offers types of e-business.
28. The Online banking unit tells about electronic banking, describes online banking services and online security system.
29. The Mobile phones unit gives the definition of mobile phones and technology, goes into history and describes features and functions: Bluetooth, WAP, PDA, MP3, SMS, hands-free kit etc.
30. The Robot, androids, AI unit deals with robots and automata, describes using robots in different spheres and explains the purpose of AI (Artificial Intelligence).
31. The Intelligent homes unit deals with domotics, from the Latin word domus plus robotics, also known as automation, describes the controlling process with different types of interfaces and reflects areas of intelligent systems such as security, safety, comfort and economy and assistive technology.
32. The Future trends unit reviews nanotechnology, nanobots, nanocomputers and discusses the relationship between people and computers.
33-36. The next three units deal with of English lexicology and cover the following subjects: prefixes, suffixes, compounds, collocations.
37. The Defining and classifying unit explains the way how to define an object by describing its function and properties, how to classify it from general to specific and from specific to general.
38. The Qualifying and comparing unit shows how to make a right decision by choosing a computer and presents the vocabulary needed for comparing and finding differences when you want to by a new device.
39. The Describing technical process unit focuses on active and passive voices in ICT English.
40. The Troubleshooting unit represents the job of a help desk technician, describes problems to be solved, common questions and gives expressions that can be used by tackling a problem.